It is an automobile that uses a battery with an electric motor for propulsion. As compared to other vehicles, they are quieter and don’t emit exhaustion.

Types of Electric cars: (1)

Four types of electric cars are available. They are discussed below:

  • Battery electric vehicle (BEV)
  • Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV)
  • Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV)
  • Fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV)

Battery Electric vehicle (BEV):

This vehicle is also known as an All-electric vehicle (AEV). An electric drive train and a battery are required to run this vehicle. Such types of vehicles lack ICE. The battery in the car stores back or charging when it is charged from the electricity grid station. Pack of the battery can be used to power one or more than one vehicle to run.

Components of battery electric vehicle:

  • Electric motor
  • Inverter
  • Battery
  • Drive train
  • Control module

Example of battery electric vehicle:

  • Tesla Model 3
  • Karma Ravera
  • Chevy spark
  • Toyota Rav40

Hybrid Electric vehicle (HEV):

The vehicles are also known as standard hybrid and parallel hybrid. It consists of an electric motor and ICE. To run such types of vehicles, an internal engine is provided energy from fuel or gasoline to run them. The motor is charged with electricity. Electric motor and engine combined to twirl the transmission that is used in driving the wheel. The difference between HEV and BEV is that HEV can be only charged with ICE or with the motion of the wheel or a combination of both. They lack a charging pot so batteries cannot be charged from outside such as the electric grid station.

Components of HEV:

Components of HEV are:

  • Electric motor
  • Engine
  • Pack of battery with controller and inverter
  • Tank of fuel
  • Control module

Examples of HEV:

Examples of hybrid electric vehicles are:

  • Toyota Prius Hybrid
  • Toyota Camry Hybrid
  • Honda Civic Hybrid

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV):

Hybrid with ICE and MOTOR both are known as a series hybrid. Choice of fuel is also available in all series of hybrid vehicles. These vehicles can be powered with conventional or alternative fuel and also with rechargeable batteries. Batteries in the vehicle can be easily charged by plugging into changing electrical grid stations or electric vehicle charging stations (EVCS). These vehicles can be run with two modes:

  • ALL-ELECTRIC MODE: in this mode car uses both battery and motor to run
  • HYBRID MODE: gasoline and electricity is required to run the vehicle.

Components of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle:

  • Battery charger if its on onboard mode
  • Electric motor
  • Engine
  • Fuel tank
  • Control module
  • Inverter
  • Battery

Examples of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles:

Following are the examples of PHEV:

  • Mini Cooper SE countryman
  • Audi A3 E Tron.
  • Fiat 500 E
  • Porsche Cayenne S E- Hybrid
  • Ford Fusion Energi
  • Hyundai Sonata
  • Volvo XC90 T8

Fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV):

Commonly they are known as fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) and zero-emission vehicles. Fuel cell technology is implied in such types to generate electricity and run the car. Chemical energy is directly converted into electrical energy in these types of vehicles.

Components of fuel cell electric vehicle:

  • Hydrogen storage tank
  • Stack of fuel cell
  • Electric motor
  • Battery along with converter and controller

Examples of fuel cell electric vehicles:

Some examples of fuel cell electric vehicles are as follows:

  • Toyota Mirai
  • Hyundai Tucson FCEV
  • HONDA clarity fuel cell
  • Hyundai Nexo
  • Riversimple Rasa

Top-rated brands of electric cars 2021 (2)

Here are some top-rated brands of electric cars 2021:

Mustang Mach-E 2021:

  • It is one of the top-rated electric car brands in crossovers
  • This crossover contains 4 doors and has enough space for gear and groceries
  • This performance edition has a faster speed than hits sixty miles in an hour and this speed is faster than PORSCHE 911 GTS.
  • It has extended battery life and a good long haul
  • On a single charge, it can drive up to three hundred miles minimum.
  • This has enhanced the profile of SUV with Mach-E
  • It has a great design that competes with other luxurious brands
  • It has a long hood with three parts of a long tail.
  • It has a front badge up pony with high haunches
  • This electric car cost up to $43,895
  • It is available in different colors.

GMC Hummer EV SUT:

  • It is one of the most turnarounds in the history of automobiles
  • It is known for its militaristic and gas-guzzling SUVs. This feature has gone since 2010 and it is back in electric cars.
  • Hummer is now under the nameplate of GMC and its all-electric
  • This brand comes in a powerful pair of a green car.
  • Available in SUV and pickup truck that is offered in three motors with a horsepower of 1000.
  • It has a range of four hundred miles.
  • It has advanced features of quick charging, off-road capabilities, and removable roof panels.

Tesla Cybertruck:  

  • At this time, no vehicle is as futuristic as Tesla.
  • It has a dent-proof of stainless steel body.
  • No electric vehicle is as competent as it is.
  • The owner said about the truck: “Really tough, no fake tough”.
  • It is powered with three electric motors with three different models of motors
  • It can easily hit up to 500 miles.
  • One model motor is costed up to 39,900 dollars and three motor models cost up to 69,900 dollars.
  • It is manufactured in Austin in the factory of TESLA.

Polestar 2:

  • This car comes with a five-seater that has a polished and Swedish style to compete with the TESLA model 3.
  • It has great performances other than the hybrid gas-electric
  • It has great features of green powertrain and different elegant designs
  • It mimics the durability of the wetsuit as it has frameless mirrors and a vegan interior fabric made of leather.
  • The motor of this electric vehicle work with 27- module ion battery of lithium so it can deliver the horsepower of 402 that can range up to 275 miles
  • The cost of this electric car starts at 59,900 dollars.